Eating nutritious food is essential for proper growth and good health of all.
Children are very active and grow quickly. To sustain this, they require a nutritional, balanced diet high in fruit and vegetables, dairy produce and starch. Since they’re growing, they have different dietary requirements than adults, along with a child will need to eat more compared to his body size than a grownup. The key is a healthy balance of nutritional, high-energy foods. Junk food, soda and candy offer no nutritional value.
Balanced nutrition in children. You must teach your child as soon as possible to take a taste for those foods, especially fruits and vegetables, which are the most cost eating in many children, as well as being consistent with what you teach and exercise it for take it like a role model.
Nutrition guidelines suitable for adults are inappropriate for many children under the age of five. This is because young children have only small tummies and so need lots of calories and nutrients in a small amount of food to make sure they grow properly.
Nutritional problems of children is deserving of special attention. There are issues of nutrition namely, malnutrition and excess nutrients which each have different indications and consequences.
Nutrition in Children
Choosing foods from each from the four main food groups will assist you to ensure that kids receive all the vitamins and minerals they require for good nutrition and health.
Fruit and vegetables: these provide fibre, vitamins and minerals and therefore are a source of antioxidants.
Meat, fish and alternatives: these foods, including eggs and pulses, provide protein and vitamins and minerals, especially iron. Pulses also contain fibre.
Bread, other cereals and potatoes: these starchy foods, that also include pasta and rice, provide energy, fibre, vitamins and minerals
Milk and dairy foods: these provide calcium for healthy bones and teeth, protein for growth, plus vitamins and minerals.
Balanced Diet for Children
A diet could be called the one which provides proper nutrition towards the body, only if we get the essential macro nutrients for example proteins, fats and carbohydrates as well as the micro nutrients like the vitamins and minerals.
A nutritious, balanced diet for children will include whole grains, fruits, vegetables, lean meat, beans, nuts and low-fat dairy products. Children should eat some food from each food group everyday. It’s also important to limit the amount of fatty foods and sugar that children consume.
Childhood obesity is a growing problem, but a balanced diet can help children avoid this trend and future health problems. Childhood obesity continues to be linked to heart disease, asthma, anti snoring, Type 2 diabetes and social discrimination.
A healthy diet is definitely an essential factor in a child’s growth and development. Between age 1 and adolescence, children grow an average of 1/2 inches per year, and growing bones and muscles require proper nutrition to achieve their full growth potential.
Proper nutrition can also be important for brain development and learning. Foods that may boost brain function and development include dairy products, fruits, leafy green vegetables, fish, nuts and liver organ. Consistent water intake also enhances children’s energy and attentiveness.